Very Early Programming at English Electric

Further reading and references

  1. The background to computing at NPL and the Pilot ACE story is given in: Turing’s legacy: a history of computing at the National Physical Laboratory, 1945 - 1995. David Yates. Science Museum, 1997. ISBN 0-901805-94-7.
  2. DEUCE, its life and times. P J Walker. Transcription of a talk given on 7th February 1995 to the North West branch of the Computer Conservation Society, published in Resurrection 14
  3. Programming manual for DEUCE (first issue). G M Davis. 5th January 1955. 48-page foolscap typed manual, English Electric Report number NS y 12, of which 16 copies were produced.
  4. DEUCE interpretive programs. C Robinson. Computer Journal, Vol. 1, issue 4, 1st January 1959, pages 172 - 176.
  5. John Barratt's collection of DEUCE documents. Barratt, a former DEUCE engineer at RAE Farnborough, joined English Electric in 1961. He went to Australia to install a DEUCE at Sydney University and ended up staying in Australia for the rest of his career in computing. Between 2003 and 2008 John Barratt assembled a comprehensive collection of DEUCE anecdotes, images and references which is available here. Particularly useful on this site are the many personal contributions from EE employees of the 1950s.
  6. Personal Recollections of Programming DEUCE in the Late 1950s. M.Wetherfield. Computer Journal, Volume 53, Issue 9, November 2010, Pages 1535-1549.
  7. Garry Tee, e-mail correspondence with Simon Lavington, 28th April 2020.
  8. DEUCE interpretive programs. History of the Kidsgrove works, Nelson Industrial Estate. Part 1: English Electric, GEC, Cegelec, Alstrom. M J Woods. Local History Reference Material, Kidsgrove, Staffordshire. 2002.
  9. The Computer Conservation Society’s Our Computer Heritage website. For DEUCE deliveries, see: .
    1. Simon Lavington November 2020